Foreign Bases That Have Been Closed

A list in progress.

Link to David Vine’s list of base closure movements.

See also map on pp 266-267 of David Vine’s The United States of War.

Austria in 1955 created a Constitutional ban on foreign bases, removed Soviet and all other foreign bases and troops

Farmers in Japan prevented the construction of a U.S. base in 1957.

In 1963, the U.S. left bases in Trinidad and Tobago.

In 1963 and 1977, the United States left its bases in Morocco.

In 1967, France evicted U.S. troops from all bases.

In 1969, the Ogasawara Islands were returned to Japan.

In 1970, the U.S. departed from its base in Libya.

The people of Puerto Rico kicked the U.S. Navy out of Culebra in 1974, and after years of effort, out of Vieques in 2003.

In 1975, the U.S. departed from at least four air bases in Thailand.

A U.S. Army base in Eritrea closed in 1977.

Native Americans evicted a Canadian military base from their land in 2013.

People of the Marshall Islands shortened a U.S. base lease in 1983.

The people of the Philippines kicked out all U.S. bases in 1992 (though the U.S. later returned).

The U.S. left an air base in Zaragosa, Spain, in 1992.

A women’s peace camp helped get U.S. missiles out of England in 1993.

U.S. bases left Midway Island in 1993 and Bermuda in 1995.

Hawaiians won back an island in 2003.

In 2005 the U.S. closed a base in Sardegna.

In 2007 localities in the Czech Republic held referenda that matched national opinion polls and demonstrations; their opposition moved their government to refuse to host a U.S. base.

Saudi Arabia closed its U.S. bases in 2003 (later reopened), as did Uzbekistan in 2005, Kyrgyzstan in 2009.

The U.S. military decided it had done enough damage to Johnston/Kalama Atoll in 2004.

Activists compelled the United States to give up a firing range in South Korea in 2005.

Activism in Vicenza, Italy, (and around Italy and Europe and in Washington, D.C.) between 2005 and 2010 resulted in the United States getting only 50% of the land it wanted for its new bases.

In 2007, the President of Ecuador answered public demand, and exposed hypocrisy, by announcing the United States would need to host an Ecuadorean base or shut down its base in Ecuador.

In 2010, bases were blocked by the Colombian Supreme Court.

Iraq closed bases in 2011, reopened in 2013, told U.S. troops to leave in 2020.

In 2020, the Philippines gave the United States 180 days to get out.

In 2020, the U.S. returned 12 military sites to South Korea.

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