Peace Almanac June

June

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June 1. On this day in 1914, 80 militiamen refused to board a train as reinforcements for a U.S. invasion of Mexico.

June 2. On this day in 1939 a German ship full of desperate Jewish refugees sailed close enough to see the lights of Miami, Florida, but was turned away, as President Franklin Roosevelt had blocked all efforts in Congress to admit Jewish refugees. This is a good day on which to remember that justifications for wars are sometimes concocted only after the wars are over.

June 3. On this day in 1967, Conscientious objection was legally recognized in Belgium.

June 4. On this day in 1982, declaration of international Day for Children as Victims of War.

Also on this day in 1939, during what became known as the “Voyage of the Damned,” the SS St. Louis, carrying more than 900 Jewish refugees from Germany, was turned away from the Florida coast. The ship, which was also denied permission to dock in Cuba, eventually returned to Europe; many of the refugees later died in Nazi concentration camps.

June 5. On this day in 1962, the Port Huron Statement was completed.

June 6. On this day in 1968 Robert F. Kennedy was murdered. This is a good day to study what happened.

June 7. On this day in 1893, in his first act of civil disobedience, Mohandas Gandhi refused to comply with racial segregation rules on a South African train and was forcibly ejected at Pietermaritzburg.

June 8. On this day in 1966, 270 walk out of graduation ceremonies at NYU to protest the presentation of an honorary degree to Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara.

Also on this day in 1967, two-thirds of the graduating class of Brown University turn their backs on Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, the graduation speaker.

June 9. On this day in 1623, the English negotiate treaty with Potomac River tribes; after a toast symbolizing eternal friendship, Chiskiack chief & 200 followers drop dead from poisoned wine.

June 10. On this day in 1963 President John. F. Kennedy spoke in favor of peace at American University.

June 11. On this day in 1880 Jeannette Rankin was born.

June 12. On this day in 1982 one million people demonstrated against nuclear weapons in New York. This is a good day to oppose nuclear weapons.

June 13. On this day in 1971, the Pentagon Papers excerpted in the New York Times, give details of U.S. involvement in Vietnam from the end of World War II to 1968.

June 14. On this day in 1945 the U.S. Supreme Court invalidated the compulsory flag salute for school children.

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June 15. On this day in 1917, and May 16, 1918, Espionage and Sedition Acts.

June 16. On this day in 1976, the Soweto massacre occurred , 700 children killed for refusing to learn Afrikaans.

June 17. This is International Day for Mine Awareness and Assistance in Mine Action.

June 18. On this day in 1979, the SALT II agreement to limit long-range missiles and bombers was signed by Presidents Carter and Brezhnev.

June 19. This is Juneteenth, marking the day in 1865 when previously enslaved people in Texas learned that they were free.

June 20. This is World Refugee Day.

June 21. On this day in 1749, Father Le Loutre’s War began.

June 22. On this day in 1987, 8,000 peace protesters form 10-mile human chain around U.S. air base, Okinawa, Japan.

June 23. This is United Nations Public Service Day.

June 24. On this day in 1948, president Truman signs the Selective Service Act, creating a registration for all men from ages 18-25.

June 25. On this day in 1918 Eugene V. Debs was arrested for speaking against war. Also on this day in 1945, the United Nations Charter was signed and in 1950 the Korean War begun. Also on this day the battle of Little Bighorn began.

June 26. This is United Nations International Day in Support of Victims of Torture.

June 27. On this day in 1869 Emma Goldman was born.

Also on this day in 1954, the CIA violently overthrew the government of Guatemala. This is a good day on which to advocate for the abolition of the CIA and of secret agencies.

June 28. On this day in 1914 World War I began and in 2009 a U.S.-backed coup overthrew the government of Honduras. This is a good day to work for the combination of the peace movement with the immigrants (refugees) rights movement.

June 29. On this day in 1972, in Furman v. Georgia, the Supreme Court rules that the death penalty — as then employed by the states — is unconstitutional.

June 30. On this day in 1971, first GIs, Fort Hood 3, refuse to be sent to Vietnam (1966) The 29th Amendment to the US Constitution, lowering the voting age to 18 in all elections, was ratified.

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